FMCG growth forecast is revised downward by 2%

Consumption-led growth has its limitations

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The Indian GDP growth figures, which have become a political football, will ultimately catch up with reality while there is no denying that GDP growth (which in its second worst case is 6%) is not bad for a US$ 2.7 trillion economy. The real worst case figure cannot be easily established and will likely never be known nor consensually acknowledged. India’s GDP growth has been consumption-led and what has been missing is high growth in infrastructure investment and high growth in gross capital formation.

While the government says that US$ 777.3 billion (Rs. 50 lakh crore) is needed for infrastructure development by 2022 to have sustainable development in the country, its 2019-20 budget has allocated US$ 92 billion (Rs. 6,44,000 crore) for capital development of infrastructure. Private equity and venture capital investment in Indian infrastructure in 2018 was of the order of US$ 1.97 billion (Rs. 14,000 crore) and there were 91 merger and acquisition deals said to be worth US$ 5.4 billion (Rs. 40,000 crore) in that year. In this sector, major failures such as IL&FS have already come to light.

Gross fixed capital formation as a percentage of GDP needs to be in the high 30% range (ideally above 40% – it was at its highest level of 35.6% in 2007) but it has been falling in the past few years from 34.31% FY 11-12 to 28.5% in FY 17-18. The latest RBI estimate for gross fixed capital formation as a percentage of GDP at current market prices in FY 18-19 is 29.1%. The forecast estimate for FY 19-20 is 29.4%.

What is of seemingly direct concern to the packaging industry is the renewed high growth of the fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) industry, which has undergone some challenges in the past three years. Unfortunately, some projections for the growth of the FMCG industry are now being revised downward. According to a recent report in Mint, Nielsen research is quoted as saying that the Indian FMCG industry in the coming financial year FY 19-20 will decrease growth by at least 2% in comparison with FY 18-19. The projected 11 to 12% for FY 19-20 is a downward revision from its earlier forecast of 13 to14% growth for India’s FMCG sector. The same forecast suggests that FMCG volume growth that peaked at 11% in FY 18-19, will decline to somewhere between 8.5 and 9.5% in the current financial year.

The same Mint report quotes the chief economist at CARE Ratings, Madan Sabnavis, saying that his agency does not have “confidence that consumption will see a pick up in India and would not even see a revival this year.”

Sabnavis goes on to say, “Last year, farmers received lower prices on crops, which led to low spending and is now getting reflected in consumer durables and piling up of inventories in different segments like auto in the last few months. Therefore, we will get the real picture of consumption only by September-October post monsoon in India.”

Most reports say that while there is a slight drop in urban consumption, there is a significant drop in rural consumption rates, which generally grow at a faster rate. Historically, rural consumption has grown 3 to 5% faster than urban consumption but now both are becoming similar.

Apparently, the drop in rural consumption growth is mainly due to a slowdown in packaged foods such as atta, refined oil, spices, biscuits, chocolates, breakfast cereals, cheese and sugar substitutes. While there is a slowdown across various food categories in rural areas, the extent of drop is larger in essential products such as atta and refined oil, as well as impulse food categories such as biscuits and chocolates.

2023 promises an interesting ride for print in India

Indian Printer and Publisher founded in 1979 is the oldest B2B trade publication in the multi-platform and multi-channel IPPGroup. While the print and packaging industries have been resilient in the past 33 months since the pandemic lockdown of 25 March 2020, the commercial printing and newspaper industries have yet to recover their pre-Covid trajectory.

The fragmented commercial printing industry faces substantial challenges as does the newspaper industry. While digital short-run printing and the signage industry seem to be recovering a bit faster, ultimately their growth will also be moderated by the progress of the overall economy. On the other hand book printing exports are doing well but they too face several supply-chain and logistics challenges.

The price of publication papers including newsprint has been high in the past year while availability is diminished by several mills shutting down their publication paper and newsprint machines in the past four years. Indian paper mills are also exporting many types of paper and have raised prices for Indian printers. To some extent, this has helped in the recovery of the digital printing industry with its on-demand short-run and low-wastage paradigm.

Ultimately digital print and other digital channels will help print grow in a country where we are still far behind in our paper and print consumption and where digital is a leapfrog technology that will only increase the demand for print in the foreseeable future. For instance, there is no alternative to a rise in textbook consumption but this segment will only reach normality in the next financial year beginning on 1 April 2023.

Thus while the new normal is a moving target and many commercial printers look to diversification, we believe that our target audiences may shift and change. Like them, we will also have to adapt with agility to keep up with their business and technical information needs.

Our 2023 media kit is ready, and it is the right time to take stock and reconnect with your potential markets and customers. Print is the glue for the growth of liberal education, new industry, and an emerging economy. We seek your participation in what promises to be an interesting ride.

– Naresh Khanna

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Editor of Indian Printer and Publisher since 1979 and Packaging South Asia since 2007. Trained as an offset printer and IBM 360 computer programmer. Active in the movement to implement Indian scripts for computer-aided typesetting. Worked as a consultant and trainer to the Indian print and newspaper industry. Visiting faculty of IDC at IIT Powai in the 1990s. Also founder of IPP Services, Training and Research and has worked as its principal industry researcher since 1999. Author of book: Miracle of Indian Democracy.

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